## Description

This purchase includes rigorous word problems that promote conceptual understanding for all the 4th grade math standards.

**Standards & Topics Covered**

**Number and Operation in Base Ten
**➥ 4.NB.1 – Place Value Concepts

➥ 4.NBT.2 – Number Form, Word Form, Expanded Form, and Comparing of whole numbers

➥ 4.NBT.3 – Rounding multi-digit whole numbers

➥ 4.NBT.4 – Adding & Subtracting Whole Numbers

➥ 4.NBT.5 – Multiplying whole numbers

➥ 4.NBT.6 – Dividing whole numbers

**Operations & Algebraic Thinking
**➥ 4.OA.1 – Interpreting multiplication equations

➥ 4.OA.2 – Multiplying and dividing word problems

➥ 4.OA.3 – Solving multistep word problems, including interpreting remainders

➥ 4.OA.4 – Factors and multiples, Identifying prime and composite numbers within 100

➥ 4.OA.5 – Patterns

**Number and Operation – Fractions
**➥ 4.NF.1 – Equivalent fractions

➥ 4.NF.2 – Comparing fractions

➥ 4.NF.3 – Adding and subtracting fractions with like denominators, decomposing fractions, adding and subtracting mixed numbers with like denominators

➥ 4.NF. 4 – Multiplying a fraction by a whole number

➥ 4.NF.5 – Adding and subtracting fractions with denominators of 10 and 100

➥ 4.NF.6 – Decimal notation for fractions with denominators of 10 and 100

➥ 4.NF.7 – Comparing decimals to hundredths

**Measurement and Data
**➥ 4.MD.1 – Measurement and converting measurement with the customary and metric systems of length, weight, mass, liquid volume, and time

➥ 4.MD.2 – Solving measurement word problems

➥ 4.MD.3 – Area and perimeter of rectangles

➥ 4.MD.4 – Line plots

➥ 4.MD.5 – Angles within a circle

➥ 4.MD.6 – Measuring angles with a protractor

➥ 4.MD.7 – Additive angle measurement, decomposing angles

**Geometry
**➥ 4.G.1 – Identifying points, lines, line segments, rays, angles, perpendicular and parallel lines in 2D shapes

➥ 4.G.2 – Classifying 2D figures, types of triangles

➥ 4.G.3 – Symmetry

**WHAT ARE P.O.W.E.R PROBLEMS?
**

☛**PURPOSEFUL** – These problems are meant to keep students focused, while strengthening initiative and perseverance.

☛**OPPORTUNITIES** – These prompts can be used in a variety of ways. P.O.W.E.R problems can be used to introduce a lesson, spiral review, or as formative assessments.

**WITH**

☛**ENGAGEMENT** – Problems are real world applicable and designed to hook students with interest and presentation. Complexity of problems promotes problem solving skills.

☛**RIGOR** – Tasks are specifically designed to challenge students and assess conceptual understanding of curriculum versus procedural understanding. Students will need to apply more than just a “formula.”

**WHY USE P.O.W.E.R PROBLEMS?**

☛**BUILD STAMINA WITHIN YOUR STUDENTS!
**P.O.W.E.R problems are designed to challenge your students with their open ended presentation. Majority of problems that come from textbooks and workbooks assess procedural understanding of curriculum. Some textbooks even provide step by step instructions where the textbook is thinking for the students and taking away that “productive struggle” for children. When we rob students of that event, we rob them of their ability to reason, problem solve, and see beyond a standard algorithm. P.O.W.E.R problems are meant to show students that there are different ways to answer one question in math. With these tasks students take ownership and are part of the problem solving process versus filling in blanks in a textbook.

**HOW TO USE POWER PROBLEMS:**

**YOUR KIDS. YOUR CHOICE. FLEXIBILITY.**

☛**TO INTRODUCE A LESSON** – P.O.W.E.R problems can be used to introduce a new skill. In this case your students will experience a “productive struggle.” Their problem solving skills and prior knowledge will kick in. Often times most of my students will have the incorrect answer or no answer at all. I then have someone explain their method/reasoning and allow my students to critique their peer’s answer. This makes for great accountable talk discussions. If I see that most students do not have an answer I will assist the class in getting to a specific point and then allow them to finish independently.

☛**SPIRAL REVIEW** – Avoid your students forgetting standards, by using P.O.W.E.R problems to spiral review previously taught lessons.

☛**FORMATIVE ASSESSMENTS** – You can use these problems to assess mastery and levels of understanding.